Personnel expense

In CHF million
Salary and wage costs   2,132   2,058
Social security expenses   224   222
Expense of defined benefit plans. See Note 10.   258   50
Expense of defined contribution plans. See Note 10.   11   12
Expense of share-based payments. See Note 11.   6   6
Salary and wage costs of the employment company Worklink   2   4
Termination benefits   6   68
Other personnel expense   67   65
Total personnel expense   2,706   2,485

Termination benefit programmes

Swisscom supports employees affected by downsizing through a social plan. Depending on the relevant social plan as well as age and length of service, certain employees affected by downsizing may transfer to the employment company Worklink AG. The employment company Worklink AG hires out participating employees to third parties on a temporary basis.

In 2013, Swisscom recognised expenses for personnel downsizing measures aggregating CHF 6 million (prior year: CHF 68 million). On 31 October 2012 as a result of an efficiency programme, Swisscom announced a redundancy programme involving some 400 positions with the objective of securing the Group’s long-term competitiveness. The costs of this redundancy programme were estimated at CHF 50 million which were recognised in the fourth quarter of 2012. For further information see Note 28.